When should the operator follow hand signals?
An operator should always move loads according to the established code of signals, and use a signaler. Hand signals should be used when the loads destination is not visible and even when the work site is visible it’s still common to use a signaler.
Who can give the hand signals? Who can be a signaler?
- A person qualified to give signals to the operator
- There should be only one designated signaler at a time, unless one cannot see the other
- If signalers are changing between each other, the one in charge should wear a clearly visible badge of authority, or the crew and operator are fully aware of the main signal person.
- An operator must obey STOP signals no matter who gives it.
What should you do when in charge of signaling?
The signaler must:
- Be in clear view of the operator and be aware of the standard signals for operators.
- Have a clear view of the load and the equipment.
- Keep persons outside the operating area.
- Never direct a load over a person.
- Hold your hands away from your body so that the operator can clearly see them.
- If you are in the direction of the sun hold hands to side of body out of shadow.
- Always give signals according to the operator’s right or left.
- Do not give more signals than the operator can perform at one time.
- Use a middle-man to transfer hand signals when you can’t see the operator, or a radio.
- If multiple radios are being used on a jobsite be specific when calling or answering, which piece of equipment and which signalman or operator! Do not attempt to signal, hold a radio, and control the load all at once.