What does Struck-by Hazard mean?
A struck-by hazard refers to an accident in which a worker is hit and injured by an object, tool or equipment. Struck-by hazards are mostly related to improper material and equipment handling and poor housekeeping.
Struck-by hazards originate from many sources. The most common include:
- Accidental hits by cranes, heavy equipment and loader trucks etc.
- Falling, flying, slipping, rolling and swinging equipment and materials
- Poorly stacked heavy materials that may fall, slip and slide
- Concrete constructions while being constructed
- Poor housekeeping, such as a tools or equipment left on edges or shelves
- Objects leaning against walls or posts
- Unmarked low beams or pipes at site
- No screen guard at site for objects flying off
- Unusual work such as demolition of buildings, tree trimming, pruning and felling etc.
To reduce struck-by hazards at a workplace, the following preventive actions are recommended:
- Follow safety instructions and standard operating procedures
- Training of personnel that use the equipment and orientation with the workplace
- Strict supervision, monitoring and controlling
- Safety inspections and audits
- Use of appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) by the workers, such as clothing, headgear, and safety glasses
- Marking all hazardous areas and have administrative control for visitors including notices and signs
- Maintaining good housekeeping, such as stacking and piling of materials appropriately
- Arrange appropriate nets to prevent or catch falling objects
- Secure tools and equipment with lanyards to the workers to prevent them from falling
- No lifting equipment or loads beyond an equipment’s designed capacity
- All lifting equipment must be tested and inspected before use