What does Struck-by Hazard mean? Safety

What does Struck-by Hazard mean?

A struck-by hazard refers to an accident in which a worker is hit and injured by an object, tool or equipment. Struck-by hazards are mostly related to improper material and equipment handling and poor housekeeping.

Struck-by hazards originate from many sources. The most common include:

  • Accidental hits by cranes, heavy equipment and loader trucks etc.
  • Falling, flying, slipping, rolling and swinging equipment and materials
  • Poorly stacked heavy materials that may fall, slip and slide
  • Concrete constructions while being constructed
  • Poor housekeeping, such as a tools or equipment left on edges or shelves
  • Objects leaning against walls or posts
  • Unmarked low beams or pipes at site
  • No screen guard at site for objects flying off
  • Unusual work such as demolition of buildings, tree trimming, pruning and felling etc.

To reduce struck-by hazards at a workplace, the following preventive actions are recommended:

  • Follow safety instructions and standard operating procedures
  • Training of personnel that use the equipment and orientation with the workplace
  • Strict supervision, monitoring and controlling
  • Safety inspections and audits
  • Use of appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) by the workers, such as clothing, headgear, and safety glasses
  • Marking all hazardous areas and have administrative control for visitors including notices and signs
  • Maintaining good housekeeping, such as stacking and piling of materials appropriately
  • Arrange appropriate nets to prevent or catch falling objects
  • Secure tools and equipment with lanyards to the workers to prevent them from falling
  • No lifting equipment or loads beyond an equipment’s designed capacity
  • All lifting equipment must be tested and inspected before use