Ladder Safety V Safety

Ladder Safety V

Set Up and Use of a Ladder

A major cause of falls from ladders is improper set-up. Many accidents can be avoided with common sense and good work practices. Using proper set-up techniques will give your ladder maximum stability and help ensure your safety.


  • Look above for any overhead wires or obstructions
  • Use non-conductive ladders for all electrical work
  • Clear any clutter from the area around the base of the ladder
  • Block off the area around the ladder so people and equipment won’t knock you off the ladder
  • If there’s a door nearby, lock it, block it off, or station someone to watch it for you
  • Before you use a ladder, check its rating. And be sure not to subject it to a load greater than its rated capacity.


  • Position a ladder carefully to prevent slipping
  • Where slipping is likely, tie off or have someone hold the ladder in position
  • Do not use a ladder for anything other than its stated purpose
  • Do not use boxes, barrels, or other objects to raise a ladder higher
  • Do not place ladders in front of doors opening toward the ladder unless the door is blocked, locked, or guarded
  • Position the base of an extension or straight ladder one foot away from the wall for every four feet of the ladder’s length from the support point to the surface
  • Before climbing onto a roof using an extension ladder, be sure the ladder extends three feet beyond the roof line
  • Never overextend an extension ladder
  • Read and follow all instructions on the ladder.